Understanding the Startup.
Understanding the Startup
In the early stages, startup companies have little or no revenue coming in. They have an idea, and they have to develop it, test it, and market it. That takes considerable money, and startup owners have several potential sources to tap.
- Traditional funding sources include small business loans from banks or credit unions, government-sponsored Small Business Administration loans from local banks, and grants made by nonprofit organizations and state governments.
- So-called incubators, often associated with business schools and other nonprofits, provide mentoring, office space, and seed funding to startups.
- Venture capitalists and angel investors actively seek out promising startups to bankroll in return for a stake in the company once it gets off the ground.
Valuing the Startup
Startups have no history and less profit to show. That makes investing in them risky. If an idea seems to have merit, potential investors may use any of several approaches to estimate how much money it could take to get it off the ground.
- The cost to duplicate approach looks at the expenses the company has already incurred to develop its product or service and purchase physical assets. This valuation method doesn't consider the company's future potential or intangible assets.
- The market approach considers the acquisition costs of similar companies in the recent past. This approach may be stymied if the startup idea really is unique.
- The discounted cash flow approach looks at the company's expected future cash flow. This approach is highly subjective.
- The development stage approach assigns a higher range of potential value to a startup that is more fully developed. Even if it's not profitable, a startup that has a website and can show some sales and traffic would get a higher valuation than one that merely has an interesting idea.
Because startups have a high failure rate, would-be investors consider the management team's experience as well as the idea. Even angel investors don't invest money they cannot afford to lose.
Some Successful Startups
Some of history's most successful entrepreneurs created startups called Microsoft, founded by Bill Gates, Ford Motors, founded by Henry Ford, and McDonald's, founded by Ray Kroc.
Here are some startups that you may not have heard of yet, but LinkedIn bets that you will someday. They are among its picks for 2018's Top Startups.
- Rubrik, a cloud data management company founded in 2014
- Aurora, a developer of hardware and software for self-driving vehicles
- Glossier, a skincare and beauty product company
- Ripple, a network that uses blockchain technology to process currency exchange transactions